As a health and wellness influencer – and most likely a food lover and cook – you will surely know a thing or two about the “dirty dozen”, the list of the “dirtiest” fruits and veggies.

The USDA tests found the whopping number of 230 different pesticides and pesticide breakdown products on the thousands of produce samples analysed – the produce is analysed after washing and peeling it.

The new list just dropped, and it’s not too surprising.

The Dirty Dozen

More than 98 percent of samples of strawberries, spinach, peaches, nectarines, cherries and apples tested positive for residue of at least one pesticide.

The list sees, once again, strawberries are at the top of the list, with a single sample of strawberries showed 20 different pesticides.

Spinach is also pretty high on the list: its samples had, on average, 1.8 times as much pesticide residue by weight than any other crop.

The full list includes, in descending order, strawberries, spinach, nectarines, apples, grapes, peaches, cherries, pears, tomatoes, celery, potatoes and sweet bell peppers.

EWG has expanded the Dirty Dozen list to highlight hot peppers, which do not meet the traditional ranking criteria but were found to be contaminated with insecticides that have been claimed toxic to the human nervous system.

The Clean Fifteen

Each year the EWG releases a list of their Clean Fifteen (no single fruit sample from the list tested positive for more than four pesticides), with our favourite, avocados, crowned the cleanest, and others including are bananas, sweet corn, pineapples, cabbage, onions, papaya, asparagus, mango, melon (honeydew and cantaloupe), kiwi, broccoli, aubergine, and cauliflower.

To read more about the full studies, the lists and the effect of pesticides head to the EWG website or the app.